A short note of Aldehydes Ketones and Carboxylic Acids Chapter for CBSE exams. Download Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids PDF File.

Aldehydes Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

Nomenclature: The common names of most aldehydes are derived from the common names of the corresponding carboxylic acids by replacing the ending –‘ic’ of acid with an aldehyde.

— The IUPAC names of open chain aliphatic aldehydes and ketones are derived from the names of the corresponding alkanes by replacing the ending –‘e’ with –‘al’ and –‘one’ respectively.

Structure: The C-atom of the carbonyl group is sp2 hybridized and forms three σ bonds and one π bond with O atom. Carbonyl carbon with three atoms attached to it lies in the same plane with a bond angle 120° (trigonal coplanar structure) and π-electron cloud lies above and below of this plane.

Aldehyde and Ketones (MCQs for JEE- MAIN)

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Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids (MCQs for NEET)

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Carboxylic Acids (MCQs for JEE-MAIN)

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Aldehyde and Ketones